Parkinson's Disease (PD) Defined
What is PD?
The Big Picture. Approximately 60,000 Americans are diagnosed with Parkinson’s each year and more than 10 million people diagnosed worldwide.
A Parkinson’s diagnosis increases with age and men are 1.5 X more likely to be diagnosed than women. There is no known cure for PD and symptoms are managed through medication, exercise, physical therapy, and Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS).
Diagnosing Parkinson’s. There is no single diagnostic test or scan for Parkinson’s, but there are three telltale motor symptoms that help doctors make a diagnosis — Bradykinesia (slowness of movement and one of the cardinal manifestations of Parkinson's disease); tremor and muscle rigidity/stiffness.
In addition, they’re also non-motor symptoms sucha anxiety, depression, sleeplessness, and constipation.
According to the Michael J. Fox Foundation, “mood disorders such as anxiety and depression are real clinical symptoms of Parkinson's, just as rigidity and tremor. In fact, at least half of all Parkinson's patients may suffer from clinical depression at some point during the course of their disease, according to some estimates.”
Michael J. Fox Foundation